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Focus on... Making more of livestock (part 1)

Livestock are central to the lives and livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of people, especially the rural poor. In Africa alone, there are more than 190 million cattle, 340 million sheep and goats and 700 million poultry. In many developing countries, livestock enhance food security, underpin crop-based agriculture and provide productive assets and products that can be sold.

But livestock development is constrained by many factors, including inappropriate policies, scarcity of livestock feeds, widespread diseases, degraded lands and limited water resources, and poor access to markets. In this edition of New Agriculturist, we focus on a selection of technologies that can help small-scale farmers make more of their livestock.

Milking the benefits: Kenya's new camel dairy

Milking the benefits: Kenya's new camel dairy

The popularity of camel products in Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and Ethiopia has rapidly increased in recent years, with milk not just consumed by pastoralists but being increasingly sold in urban areas. However, camel milk processing has generally been done informally.

Date published: March 2006

Beyond bio-methane

Beyond bio-methane

Scientists have created a fuel cell that generates current as a result of the natural abilities of microbes found in rumen fluid and manure; this could lead to economical and reliable electricity generation on farms in the developing world.

Date published: March 2006

Cleaning up its act: recycling livestock waste

Cleaning up its act: recycling livestock waste

A lack of waste disposal facilities in the city of Kisumu has caused problems for urban farmers with animals. Research was undertaken to recycle the waste into fuel briquettes as a cheap and easily available source of fuel, either for home consumption or for sale.

Date published: March 2006

Count your chickens before they hatch: low cost solutions

Count your chickens before they hatch: low cost solutions

Scientists have developed low cost options of reducing egg spoilage for smallscale poultry producers in semi-rural India where temperatures can reach over 40 degrees centigrade. The technologies include candling and evaporative cooling, and have reduced egg spoilage and improved hatchability.

Date published: March 2006

Fodder innovations for the rural and urban poor in India

Fodder innovations for the rural and urban poor in India

ILRI is participating in a Systemwide Livestock Programme, to improve fodder production among smallscale farmers. Livestock products are increasingly in demand due to rapid population growth, but fodder is generally poor and low in volume.

Date published: March 2006

Pig feed for smallscale farmers in China

Pig feed for smallscale farmers in China

Pig farmers in Sichuan province in south-west China are increasing their production and keeping higher yielding breeds, through the introduction of a silage-making system for sweet potato, and better performing sweet potato varieties.

Date published: March 2006

 

 

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